*Click here for a list of general papers containing
references to Rusty Blackbird information

Rusty Blackbird Papers

Luepold, S. B., T. Hodgman, S. McNulty, J. Cohen, and C. Foss  (2015). Habitat selection, nest survival and nest predators of Rusty Blackbirds in northern New England.  The Condor: Ornithological Applications 117(4):609-623.

McNulty, S., M. Glennon and M. McCormack  (2015).  Rusty Blackbirds in New York State: ecology, current status and future.  Adirondack Journal of Environmental Studies 20:87-99.

Powell, L. L., Hodgman, T. P, Fiske, I. J., and Glanz, W. E (2014). Habitat occupancy of Rusty Blackbirds (Euphagus carolinus) breeding in northern New England. Condor: Ornithological Applications, 116: 122−133.

McClure, C. J. W., Rolek, B. W., McDonald, K. and Hill, G. E. (2012). Climate change and the decline of a once common bird. Ecology and evolution, 2(2): 370–8.

Edmonds, S. T., O’Driscoll, N. J., Hillier, N. K., Atwood, J. L. and Evers, D. C. (2012). Factors regulating the bioavailability of methylmercury to breeding rusty blackbirds in northeastern wetlands. Environmental pollution, 171: 148–54.

Johnson, J. A., Matsuoka, S. M., Tessler, D. F., Fox, J. W. and Greenberg, R. (2012). Identifying Migratory Pathways Used by Rusty Blackbirds Breeding in Southcentral Alaska. Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 124(4): 698–703.

Greenberg, R., Demarest, D. W., Matsuoka, S. M., Mettke-hofmann, C., Evers, D., Hamel, P. B., Luscier, J., Powell, L.L., Shaw, D., Avery, M. L., Hobson, K. A., Blacher, P. J. and Niven, D. K. (2011). Understanding Declines in Rusty Blackbirds. Studies in Avian Biology, 41: 107–126.

Savard, J. L., Cousineau, M. and Drolet, B. (2011). Exploratory analysis of correlates of the abundance of rusty blackbirds (Euphagus carolinus) during fall migration. Ecoscience, 18(4): 402-408.

Barnard, W. H., Mettke-Hofmann, C.  and Matsuoka, S. M.  (2010). Prevalence of hematozoa infections among breeding and wintering Rusty Blackbirds. Condor, 112(4): 849–853.

Edmonds, S. T., Evers, D. C. , Cristol, D. A., Mettke-Hofmann, C. , Powell, L. L., McGann, A. J., Armiger J. W., Lane, O. P., Tessler, D. F., Newell, P., Heyden, K. and O’Driscoll, N. J. (2010). Geographic and seasonal variation in mercury exposure of the declining Rusty Blackbird. Condor, 112(4): 789–799.

Greenberg, R. and Matsuoka, S. M. (2010). Special section: Rangewide ecology of the declining Rusty Blackbird. Rusty Blackbird: Mysteries of a species in decline. Condor, 112(4): 770–777.

Hobson, K. A., Greenberg, R., Van Wilgenburg, S. L. and Mettke-Hofmann, C. (2010). Migratory connectivity in the Rusty Blackbird: Isotopic evidence from feathers of historical and contemporary specimens. Condor, 112(4): 778–788.

Luscier, J. D., Lehnen, S. E. and Smith, K. G. (2010). Habitat occupancy by Rusty Blackbirds wintering in the lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley. Condor, 112(4): 841–848.

Matsuoka, S. M., Shaw, D.  and Johnson, J. A. (2010). Estimating the abundance of nesting Rusty Blackbirds in relation to wetland habitats in Alaska. Condor, 112(4): 825–833. PDF

Matsuoka, S. M., Shaw, D., Sinclair, P. H., Johnson, J. A., Corcoran, R. M., Dau, N. C. Meyers, P. M. and Rojek. N. A. (2010). Nesting ecology of the Rusty Blackbird in Alaska and Canada. Condor, 112(4): 810–824.

Mettke-Hofmann, C., Sinclair, P. H., Hamel, P. B. and Greenberg, R. (2010). Implications of prebasic and a previously undescribed prealternate molt for aging Rusty Blackbirds. Condor, 112(4): 854–861.

Powell, L. L., Glanz, W. E, and Hodgman, T. P.(2010) Home ranges of Rusty Blackbirds breeding in wetlands: how much would buffers from timber harvest protect habitat? Condor, 112(4): 834−840. PDF

Powell, L. L., Glanz, W. E, Hodgman, T. P, Fisher, C., and Osenton, J. (2010).  Nest-site selection and nest survival of the Rusty Blackbird: does timber management adjacent to wetlands create ecological traps? Condor, 112(4): 800−809. PDF

Powell, L. L., Hodgman, T.P., and Glanz, W. E. (2010). A loose colony of Rusty Blackbirds nesting in northern Maine.  Northeastern Naturalist, 17(4): 639−646.  PDF

Hamel, P. B., Ozdenerol, E. (2009). Using the spatial filtering process to evaluate the nonbreeding range of Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus. Proceeding of the Forth International Partners in Flight Conference, 334–340. PDF

Hamel, P. B., De Steven, D., Leininger, T. and Wilson, R. (2009). Historical trends in Rusty Blackbird nonbreeding habitat in forested wetlands. Proceeding of the Forth International Partners in Flight Conference, 341–353. PDF

Matsuoka, S. M., Shaw, D. and Johnson, J. A. (2009). Assessing the value of Department of Defense lands in Alaska to a declining species , the Rusty Blackbird. Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program 07–337.

Powell, L. L. (2009). Long-term monitoring plan for Rusty Blackbirds in the Atlantic Northern Forest, Version 1.8.  A technical report prepared for American Bird Conservancy. PDF

Hamel, P. B. and Ozdenerol, E. (2008). Using the spatial filtering process to evaluate the nonbreeding range of Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus. Proceeding of the Forth International Partners in Flight Conference, 13-16. McAllen, Texas. p. 334–340. PDF

Machtans, C. S., Wilgenburg, S. L. Van, Armer, L. A. and Hobson, K. A. (2007). Retrospective Comparison of the Occurrence and Abundance of Rusty Blackbird in the Mackenzie Valley , Northwest Territories. Avian Conservation and Ecology, 2(1): 3.

Greenberg, R. and Droege, S. (1999). On the decline of the Rusty Blackbird and the use of ornithological literature to document long-term population trends. Conservation Biology, 13(3): 553–559.

Nadeau, C. (1996). Rusty Blackbird. Pages 1040-1043 in The breeding birds of Québec. (Gauthier, J. and Y. Aubry, Eds.) PQ Soc. for the Protection of Birds, CWS, Environ. Canada, Montreal.

Meanley, B. (1995). Some foods of the Rusty Blackbird in the Great Dismal Swamp region. Raven, 66:9-10.

Kushlan, J. A. and Paterson, R. L. (1992). Winter range of the Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus) in Florida. Florida Nat., 45: 129–130.

Droege, M. (1991). Unusual food of Rusty Blackbirds. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Ornithological Society, 24: 7–8.

Woodruff, C. and Woodruff, A. (1991). Predation by Rusty Blackbirds on songbirds at a winter feeder. Chat, 55: 54–55.

Peterson, J. M. C. (1988). Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus. Pages 474-475 in The atlas of breeding birds in New York state. (Andrle, R. F. and J. R. Carroll, Eds.) Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, NY.

Flood, N. (1987). Rusty Blackbirds. Pages 476-477 in Atlas of the breeding birds of Ontario. (Cadman, M. D., P. F. J. Eagles, and F. M. Helleiner, Eds.) Univ. of Waterloo Press, Waterloo, ON.

Stickley Jr., A. R. (1987). Albinistic Rusty Blackbird in Kentucky. Kentucky Warbler, 63: 42–43.

Hoffman, K. and Hoffman, M. (1982). Minnesota’s first Rusty Blackbird nest. Loon, 54: 141–143.

Hoffman, K. and Hoffman, M. (1981). Rusty Blackbird family group at Swamp Lake, Cook County. Loon, 53: 223.

Messerly, E. H. (1979). Rusty Blackbird feeds on American Goldfinch. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Ornithological Society, 12: 6–7.

Campbell, R. W. (1974). Rusty Blackbirds prey on sparrows. Wilson Bull., 86: 291–293.

McCaskie, G. (1971). Rusty Blackbirds in California and western North America. California Birds 2: 55–68.

Long, R. C. and Russ, A. (1968). Rusty Blackbird kills House Sparrow. Ont. Field Biol., 22:28.

Wilson, A. E. (1968). Rusty Blackbird attacks sparrows. Blue Jay, 26: 123.

Locke, L. N. and Knisley Jr., J. O. (1965). Sarcocystis in a yellowthroat and a Rusty Blackbird. Bulletin of  the Wildlife Disease Association 1:36.

Cade, T. J. (1953). Aerial feeding of the Rusty Blackbird on mosquitoes. Wilson Bull., 65: 52–53.

Henderson, A. D. (1937). Concerning blackbirds, Rusty and Brewers. Oologist, 54: 46–48.

Lewis, J. B. (1931). Behavior of Rusty Blackbird. Auk, 48:125–126.

Dickey, D. R. (1928). A third California record of the Rusty Blackbird. Condor, 30: 162.

Skinner, M. (1928). Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus). A guide to the winter birds of the North Carolina Sandhills. Pp 169–170.

Marsh, T. G. (1927). Rusty Blackbird again in Colorado. Auk, 44: 567.

Sefton, J. W. (1926). A Third Rusty Blackbird to Be Recorded in California. Condor, 28: 99.

Sprunt, A. (1926). Unseasonable Occurrence of the Rusty Blackbird in South Carolina. Auk, 43: 374–375.

Kennard, F. H. (1920). Notes on the breeding habits of the Rusty Blackbird in northern New England. Auk, 37:412–422.

Saunders, A. A. (1914). The Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus) in Connecticut in winter. Auk, 31: 250.

Deane, R. (1895). Strange habits of the rusty and crow blackbirds. Auk, 12: 303–304.